• Herakleion

    Herakleion

The Ηeraklion region is the central and east section of the island. It has a population of 305,490, according to the 2011 Census.

It includes the municipalities of Αrchanos-Αsterousio, Viannos, Gortinas, Heraklion, Malevizios, Minoa Pediada, Phaistos and Hersonissos.

The Heraklion region, with an excellent infrastructure, attracts very many tourists to its archaeological sites and its natural beauty, with the best known resorts being Agia Pelagia, Ammoudara, Gouves, Hersonissos and Malia, while Matala became famous for attracting hippies in the 1960's and 1970's.

It is well known for its very important archaeological sites, including the Palace of Knossos, the Minoan palaces of Phaistos and Malia and ancient Gortina and Tilisos.

The economy is based on tourism and agriculture, with the main agricultural products being olive oil, grapes, beans and pulses and cereals. The Industrial Zone is 4 kilometers south east of Heraklion.

Heraklion airport, which offers many connections to Greek and international destinations, is the second busiest in Greece, and the busiest in terms of charter flights. There are frequent ferry connections to Piraeus, Sitia, and the Cyclades and Dodecanese islands.

The city of Ηeraklion, the biggest on Crete, is the island’s capital. It hosts many educational institutes, including the University Medical school, the University of Crete, the Technical University and the Institute of Technology and Research. It is also one of the main centres for research in Greece. The main sites worth visiting are the Archaeological Museum, the History Museum, the Museum of Natural History, the Koules Fortress, Lotzia, the Morozini fountain, St Mark’s Basilica and the Church of St Titos and St Minas.

( www.explorecrete.com , www.heraklion.gr)